## Measured Data

### Specific Heat

Experiments for specific heat [J/(kg K)], or heat capacity, were conducted using a heat flow meter on unconditioned and dried samples at 10 °C, 20 °C, 30 °C and 40 °C.

### Unconditioned

Temperature (C) | Specific Heat Mean (J/kg-K) | Standard Deviation (J/kg-K) |
---|---|---|

10.0 | 956.0 | 63.0 |

20.0 | 992.0 | 59.0 |

30.0 | 1013.0 | 74.0 |

40.0 | 1007.0 | 66.0 |

### Dried

Temperature (C) | Specific Heat Mean (J/kg-K) | Standard Deviation (J/kg-K) |
---|---|---|

10.0 | 956.0 | 25.0 |

20.0 | 983.0 | 22.0 |

30.0 | 1014.0 | 21.0 |

40.0 | 1025.0 | 25.0 |

### Thermal Conductivity

Experiments for thermal conductivity [W/(m K)] were conducted using a heat flow meter on unconditioned and dried samples at 15 °C and either 45 °C or 65 °C.

### Unconditioned

Temperature (C) | Conductivity Mean (W/m-K) | Standard Deviation (W/m-K) |
---|---|---|

15.0 | 0.072 | 0.009 |

45.0 | 0.082 | 0.010 |

### Dried

Temperature (C) | Conductivity Mean (W/m-K) | Standard Deviation (W/m-K) |
---|---|---|

15.0 | 0.069 | 0.003 |

45.0 | 0.079 | 0.003 |

### Mass Loss Rate (MLR)

Mass loss rate [kg/s] was measured in cone calorimeter experiments at three heat fluxes: 25 kW/m^{2}, 50 kW/m^{2}, and 75 kW/m^{2}.

### Cone Calorimeter: 25 kW/m^{2}

### Cone Calorimeter: 50 kW/m^{2}

### Cone Calorimeter: 75 kW/m^{2}

### Heat Release Rate Per Unit Area (HRRPUA)

Experiments for heat release per unit area [kW/m^{2}] were conducted on samples conditioned at 20°C and 50% relative humidity using a cone calorimeter at three different heat fluxes: 25 kW/m^{2}, 50 kW/m^{2}, and 75 kW/m^{2}.

### Cone Calorimeter: 25 kW/m^{2}

### Cone Calorimeter: 50 kW/m^{2}

### Cone Calorimeter: 75 kW/m^{2}

### Carbon Monoxide (CO) Yield

Carbon monoxide yield was measured during cone calorimeter experiments conducted at heat fluxes of 25 kW/m^{2}, 50 kW/m^{2}, and 75 kW/m^{2}.

Incident Heat Flux [kW/m²] | Mean CO Yield [g/g] | CO Yield Std. Dev. [g/g] |
---|---|---|

25 | 0.057 | 0.019 |

50 | 0.05 | 0.002 |

75 | 0.049 | 0.001 |

## Derived Data

### Soot Yield

Soot yield [g/g] was calculated from smoke obscuration data collected in cone calorimeter experiments conducted at heat fluxes of 25 kW/m^{2}, 50 kW/m^{2}, and 75 kW/m^{2}.

Incident Heat Flux [kW/m²] | Mean Soot Yield [g/g] | Soot Yield Std. Dev. [g/g] |
---|---|---|

25 | 0.137 | 0.012 |

50 | 0.12 | 0.004 |

75 | 0.115 | 0.001 |

### Effective Heat of Combustion (Δh_{c})

Effective heat of combustion [MJ/kg] is calculated from data collected in cone calorimeter experiments.

### Cone Calorimeter

Incident Heat Flux [kW/m²] | Mean Effective Heat of Combustion [MJ/kg] | Effective Heat of Combustion Std. Dev. [MJ/kg] |
---|---|---|

25 | 38.0 | 0.5 |

50 | 37.5 | 0.8 |

75 | 38.0 | 0.7 |

### Band Averaged Emissivity

Band averaged emissivity was calculated from reflectance measurements conducted with an integrating sphere and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer.

Source Temperature [K] | Emissivity | Std. Dev. |
---|---|---|

600.0 | 0.970 | 0.001 |

800.0 | 0.970 | 0.001 |

1000.0 | 0.969 | 0.001 |

1200.0 | 0.968 | 0.001 |

1400.0 | 0.967 | 0.001 |

1600.0 | 0.966 | 0.001 |

1800.0 | 0.966 | 0.002 |

2000.0 | 0.966 | 0.002 |